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9 Big Career Paths in Tech and Computer You Can Pursue Now

Career Paths in Tech and Computer
Without taking much time, let me introduce you to a number of tech and computer-related career paths you can pursue this year. Recall, I wrote earlier about 8 lucrative career paths you can pursue in 2021. One of those career areas includes Computer and Tech and here are some tech sub-categories you can choose from in the new year.
  1. Data scientist
  2. Software developer
  3. Web programmer
  4. Computer engineer
  5. IT security specialists
  6. Computer statistician
  7. SEO consultant
  8. Cloud administrator
  9. Accessibility specialist 

Data Scientist

Data science is an interdisciplinary field that uses scientific methods, processes, algorithms and systems to extract knowledge and insights from many structural and non-structural data. There is huge value in data analysis. Companies and industries rely heavily on projections from their past events and outcomes which they represent as data, both structural data (that can be formatted and stored in databases) and non-structural data.
As a data scientist, you will need to acquire the skill of converting data into interpreted forms that are useful to your client. Getting started, you could check out Data Science Learning Program out there to learn about data science.

Software Developer

Softwares form the core of the many technologies we see and use on a daily basis, and a software developer is one who is involved in organizing the design and building of software, being able to match it with its functionality either for computations within the computer, or other hardware devices.
The field of software development is rapidly growing and evolving, and it is as lucrative as it is being spoken of.
Software development involves the processes of conceiving an idea, designing an interface via programming, testing, debugging and bug-fixing, in the creation of applications, frameworks and other components. Softwares do not work alone, they interact with hardware to produce an output (visual, mechanic, etc).
Becoming a software developer usually begins with your interests, then you need to understand the basic workings of the computer systems through programming languages like Python, Java, PHP, Javascript, HTML/CSS, SQL, etc. 
Learning a programming language is not so difficult as there are tons of guides out there in how to learn any programming language. Different fields in software development including but not limited to the following;
  • Mobile application developer - Android, IOS, etc
  • Video game developer
  • Computer games developer
  • Computer applications developer
  • UX designer (User experience/user interface)
  • Agile software developer
There are tons of jobs for you if you are a software developer and the pays are quite encouraging and competitive. Being a software developer also affords you the rare privilege of designing an engaging application by yourself that will positively impact your world and also be an alternate source of income to you. 
Mobile apps find use every minute worldwide because our mobile phones have become a strong part of our daily lives. That is a huge potential to be harnessed in development.
According to Glassdoor, a game developer can yield an average annual base pay of $101,932. That's probably outside other side incomes he would receive. 

Web Programmer

The knowledge of programming and how computer codes work also affords you the skillset of making applications for the web e.g, websites, blogs, e-commerce shops, etc. Web programming is very fundamental to how people view and utilize the internet, and you can join the league of programmers who make the internet what it is today. The great news is, web programming and programming, in general, is not as difficult as you think it is. With a little practice, consistency and dedication, you can make it to the very top of the career.
There are two aspects of web programming, similar to what you would also have in other aspects of software development. These are as follows:
  • Frontend developer
  • Backend developer
  • Fullstack developer
A frontend developer focuses on implementing codes whose outputs the user can see on the webpage. Common programming languages for front-end are Javascript, HTML/CSS, and their variant modules. 

On the other hand, a backend programmer writes codes that interact with databases that the user cannot see. These databases would carry data stored in the server. Ordinarily, these database data cannot be accessible via web URLs on the web browser, but with a little work, they can be outputted on the frontend for users to see.

Except in cases where you do not need to output database for users, backend data need to be outputted on the web browser. Hence, the third class of web programmer, the full-stack handles both frontend and backend aspects all by himself. Fullstack developers are like standalone, self-sufficient professionals and this correspondingly increases their salary scale when working a project for any company. This is the web developer's dream. 

Computer Engineer

A computer engineer is an engineering professional who not only possesses the training of an electrical engineer but also has credentials related to the field of computer science. 
Computer engineering (CoE or CpE) is a branch of engineering that integrates several fields of computer science and electronic engineering required to develop computer hardware and software. Computer engineers usually have training in electronic engineering (or electrical engineering), software design, and hardware-software integration instead of only software engineering or electronic engineering.
In other words, a computer engineer specializes in the overall working of the computer system by adapting the computer structure(hardware) to function(software). These are the people responsible for manufacturing, production and repairs of the computer and its parts.
Sub-fields include:
  • Computer hardware engineers
  • Computer hardware specialists
  • Artificial intelligence engineer
  • Computer network architect

IT Security Specialists

Security is of paramount importance in computer systems, especially when they involve complex connections and important data that should be kept unbreached. IT security has been one of the most sought-after roles in many corporate organizations like banks, schools, business organizations and government agencies. This is because a breach in the security of their computer network systems and their databases could compromise the safety, financial accounts or social accounts of many people.
Thorough knowledge of programming will be required to become an IT security specialist and sub-specialities in this area include the following:
  • IT security specialist
  • Ethical/legal hackers
  • Computer system analyst
Organizations are confronted with different types of cybersecurity threats, which can be a significant risk. Hackers can use confidential and sensitive information in such a way that it can be a significant danger for the business. IT specialists and ethical hackers ensure that secure infrastructure is implemented.

Ethical hackers are not the kind of bad hackers you are probably thinking of right now. They are specialized programmers who have acquired the skills and training of identifying and blocking security loopholes in the computer program of the organizations. Also called White Hat Hacking, the practice involves testing the IT security of an organization's system and evaluating its vulnerabilities. Certified ethical hackers have an annual income of up to $99,000.

IT specialists, on the other hand, may not necessarily be programmers in the sense of making and altering codes, but they know much about installing pre-designed software and antiviruses that secure the firewall of the organization's database systems.
Computer system analysts are charged with the main responsibility of evaluating and improving the computer system in an organization, making sure that it is foolproof. According to Forbes, the median salary is $78,000, and the demand for this position is expected to grow as much as 22% from 2010 to 2020.

Computer Statistician

Many institutions rely heavily on data trends for their decision making and for making of newer plans. However, past data can be very volatile and difficult to analyze. Statisticians are therefore needed to study data trends, past decisions and outcomes of the organization, testing the feasibility of a proposed idea based on known theories, economic and market factors, and advising the company accordingly.
Sub-specialities in this discipline include:
  • Statistician
  • Business intelligence administrators
Statisticians use available data to make well-informed decisions. Aside from deciding the data they need, they collect information, design experiments and report conclusions. According to U.S. News, the median annual salary is $84,060, with more than 12,600 jobs available in the country and an extremely low unemployment rate of 0.9%. They are employable in various settings like education, healthcare, sports, public safety, and environmental and social sciences. Knowledge of computer operation, at least, and statistics is required.
Business intelligence analysts gather the information that an organization uses to make the right decisions. They maximize the utility of data and ensures their accuracy, making it useful in decision-making. They mine data from various sources, analyze data trends, recommend solutions for a more profitable business, and determine the actions management needs to undertake to fulfil its goals and objectives.

SEO consultant

In recent times, businesses have transited to involve the internet and traffic and patronage has been more than tripled through search engines optimization(SEO). people now ut their business online and make them more visible to the whole wide world, but this is not so much an easy task for anybody.
SEO consultants are trained, experienced individuals who have knowledge of improving business and personal websites visibility on internet search engines. 
They can earn up to $200,000 per year depending on function and hierarchy and have the freedom to work for multiple agencies at once. After all, achieving the top spots on search engines is worth the price.

Cloud Administrator

With the recently advancing global interests in cloud technology, this career will prove really lucrative. Cloud technology offers the benefits of improving collaboration and accessibility across remote areas, and also offer a secure database management system that is hardware crash-proof.
It is also a green technology, and that means in no time, you'd be among the topmost individuals in the profession.

Accessibility Specialist

These professionals improve the accessibility of certain products, making sure they will be easy to use by different people including the disabled. They work closely with product, user experience programmers(UX) and user interface designers. Their job is to make products on websites and devices more accessible to all users.
Web accessibility is the inclusive practice of ensuring that there are no barriers that prevent interaction with, or access to, websites on the World Wide Web by people with physical disabilities, situational disabilities, and socio-economic restrictions on bandwidth and speed. When sites are correctly designed, developed and edited, generally all users have equal access to information and functionality. This is what accessibility is all about.

On a final note, if you love computer, like I do, and are fascinated by it, why delay in entering any of these major areas? It may not be rosy at first but give it time, it will pay big time. What is more important than investing in your future?

Prosper Yole

I am a lifestyle blogger, I write useful articles on successful life tips and hacks. Posts bearing Prosper Yole as author are either written by the blog author himself or by our various other contributors. Thank you for reading through. I look forward to having you more often. Please subscribe to my blog and follow me on Twitter @ProsperYoleOfficial

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